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The Quiet Lynching of Judge Jones

Updated: Jun 28, 2023

In 1910, Judge O. Jones was lynched in Pine Bluff by a silent mob of forty to fifty armed men who disappeared into the night without a trace.

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On March 25, 1910, Judge O. Jones, a twenty-six-year-old African American man was killed for allegedly harassing a young white woman. According to the 1908 and 1910 Pine Bluff directory, Jones lived at 603 East 15th Avenue and was a driver for the Marx-Baer Company.

Jones was arrested on the Friday morning of March 25. Jones' arrest was based on accusations that Jones showed up at the home of Mrs. Mueller, demanding to see her twenty-two-year-old daughter, Louise Mueller. He tried to enter Louise’s room, claiming he had every right to see her as they were married in the sight of God. The authorities were soon contacted, and Jones was taken into custody. Jones was tried on three counts of trespassing charges by Judge J.A. Frazier that very night. He pled guilty, was fined $300, and sentenced to 120 days of imprisonment on a convict farm in Red Leaf, Chicot county. While the trial was in progress, a crowd had gathered outside the courthouse.

Sheriff C.M. Philpot feared mob violence, so at 10:00 PM that night, he arranged for three of his officers to secretly transport Jones to the southbound Iron Mountain train. Sheriff Philpot had taken such precautions in the past and had been successful in preventing the lynching of all but one of his prisoners.

Under the cover of darkness, the officers took a circuitous back route that ran behind the Diller Foundry Company under the advice of Sheriff Philpot. Two of them waited with Jones, and the third officer left to buy the train tickets. As they waited, the two officers were rushed by a mob of forty to fifty armed men who surrounded them with revolvers and took Jones. They carried him to a water tank at the back of the foundry, where they tied a rope around his neck as he stood on a wheelbarrow which they soon pushed from beneath him. After Jones was hanged, the men released the officers, ordered them to hurry away, and quietly disappeared into the night.

The next morning, the Pine Bluff Daily Graphic reported, “The lynching was so quiet that when the news spread many persons could not give credence to it.” The Arkansas Gazette also reported, “Owing to the darkness, none of the officers was able to recognize any of the lynching party.”

Jones was buried in a potter’s field in the African-American section of Bellwood Cemetery. The coroner secured a jury investigation into the murder but no witness could be found who knew anything about the lynching. He reconvened the inquest later in the day, and adjourned the inquest until the Monday following the lynching, hoping for additional information, but no one came forward. He finally closed the case, ruling that “Jones came to his death by being hung by unknown parties.”


Written by: Ninfa O. Barnard

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